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Fundamental duties under Indian Constitution - Note with MCQs

Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution:

Fundamental Duties are a set of moral and civic responsibilities that every citizen of India is expected to fulfill. These duties were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976, inspired by the Constitution of the Soviet Union. Though not legally enforceable, they act as a guide for citizens to promote a sense of unity, patriotism, and a commitment to the nation.

List of Fundamental Duties:

  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions.

  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired the national struggle for freedom.

  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity, and integrity of India.

  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon.

  5. To promote the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all people.

  6. To preserve the rich heritage of the country's composite culture.

  7. To protect and improve the natural environment.

  8. To develop a scientific temper, humanism, and the spirit of inquiry.

  9. To safeguard public property and abjure violence.

  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity.

Multiple Choice Questions:

  1. When were Fundamental Duties incorporated into the Indian Constitution? a) 1947 b) 1950 c) 1976 d) 1991

  2. How many Fundamental Duties are mentioned in the Constitution? a) 8 b) 10 c) 11 d) 12

  3. Which amendment introduced Fundamental Duties? a) 38th Amendment b) 42nd Amendment c) 50th Amendment d) 64th Amendment

  4. Fundamental Duties are inspired by the Constitution of: a) United States b) United Kingdom c) Soviet Union d) China

  5. Are Fundamental Duties legally enforceable in Indian courts? a) Yes b) No c) Partially d) Sometimes

  6. What is the purpose of Fundamental Duties? a) To create obligations for citizens b) To limit individual freedom c) To punish non-compliance d) To promote a sense of duty and responsibility

  7. Which Fundamental Duty emphasizes the protection and improvement of the natural environment? a) Duty 5 b) Duty 6 c) Duty 7 d) Duty 8

  8. Fundamental Duties were added to the Constitution during the Prime Ministership of: a) Jawaharlal Nehru b) Indira Gandhi c) Rajiv Gandhi d) Atal Bihari Vajpayee

  9. What does Duty 3 emphasize? a) Freedom of expression b) Protection of wildlife c) Sovereignty and integrity of India d) Right to education

  10. Which Fundamental Duty promotes a scientific temper? a) Duty 8 b) Duty 9 c) Duty 10 d) Duty 11

(Answers: 1-c, 2-b, 3-b, 4-c, 5-b, 6-d, 7-c, 8-b, 9-c, 10-a)

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