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Sentence Construction: examples and MCQs

Sentence Construction:

1. Subject and Predicate:

  • A sentence needs a subject (who or what) and a predicate (what the subject is doing).

Example: The cat (subject) is sleeping (predicate).

2. Simple Sentences:

  • Consist of one independent clause (subject + predicate).

Example: She reads books.

3. Compound Sentences:

  • Combine two independent clauses with a conjunction (and, but, or).

Example: She likes tea, but he prefers coffee.

4. Complex Sentences:

  • Include one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.

Example: While studying, she listened to music.

5. Punctuation:

  • Use punctuation marks (periods, commas, question marks, etc.) for clarity.

Example: I love cooking; it's relaxing.

Multiple Choice Questions:

1. What is essential for a sentence?

  • A. Punctuation

  • B. Subject and Predicate

  • C. Conjunctions

  • D. Adjectives

Answer: B

2. What type of sentence consists of one independent clause?

  • A. Simple

  • B. Compound

  • C. Complex

  • D. Compound-Complex

Answer: A

3. How are two independent clauses connected in a compound sentence?

  • A. With a semicolon

  • B. With a comma and a conjunction

  • C. With a period

  • D. All of the above

Answer: D

4. What type of sentence includes one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses?

  • A. Simple

  • B. Compound

  • C. Complex

  • D. Compound-Complex

Answer: C

5. Which punctuation mark is used to connect closely related independent clauses?

  • A. Period

  • B. Comma

  • C. Semicolon

  • D. Exclamation mark

Answer: C

6. What does a complex sentence contain?

  • A. Two independent clauses

  • B. One independent clause and one dependent clause

  • C. Multiple dependent clauses

  • D. Only a subject

Answer: B

7. What is important for clarity in sentences?

  • A. Subject and Predicate

  • B. Punctuation

  • C. Conjunctions

  • D. Dependent clauses

Answer: B

8. How is a dependent clause different from an independent clause?

  • A. It cannot stand alone as a complete sentence.

  • B. It always begins with a conjunction.

  • C. It must have a complex structure.

  • D. It has no subject.

Answer: A

9. In "She likes tea, but he prefers coffee," what type of sentence is it?

  • A. Simple

  • B. Compound

  • C. Complex

  • D. Compound-Complex

Answer: B

10. What is a simple sentence made up of?

  • A. One subject

  • B. One predicate

  • C. One independent clause

  • D. All of the above

Answer: D

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