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Adjective - in short


What is an adjective?

Adjectives are words that describe or modify other words, making your writing and speaking much more specific, and a whole lot more interesting. Words like small, blue, and sharp are descriptive, and they are all examples of adjectives. Because adjectives are used to identify or quantify individual people and unique things, they are usually positioned before the noun or pronoun that they modify. Some sentences contain multiple adjectives.

Adjective Examples

In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives:

They live in a big, beautiful

Since it’s a hot day, Lakshmi is wearing a sleeveless

Since it is a cold day, Raghav is wearing a sweater

Types of Adjectives

Note that adjectives can modify as well as describe other words, and we can find it much easier to identify different types of adjectives when you see them.


There are only three articles, and all of them are adjectives: a, an, and the. Because they are used to discuss non-specific things and people, a and an are called indefinite articles. For example:

  1. I’d like a

  2. Let’s go on an

Neither one of these sentences names a specific cake or a certain travel. Without more clarification, any cake or travel will do.

The word the is called the definite article. It’s the only definite article, and it is used to indicate very specific people or things:

Please give me a cake. I’d like the one with the orange topping.

Let’s go on an adventure. The Kedarnath trekking sounds perfect!

Possessive Adjectives

As the name indicates, possessive adjectives are used to indicate possession. They are:








Possessive adjectives also function as possessive pronouns.

Demonstrative Adjectives

Like the article the, demonstrative adjectives are used to indicate or demonstrate specific people, animals, or things. These, those, this and that are demonstrative adjectives.

This movie is my favorite.

Please put those cookies on the blue plate.

Coordinate Adjectives

Coordinate adjectives are separated with commas or the word and, and appear one after another to modify the same noun. The adjectives in the phrase bright, sunny day and long and dark night are coordinate adjectives. In phrases with more than two coordinate adjectives, the word and always appears before the last one; for example: The sign had big, bold, and bright letters.

Numbers Adjectives

When they’re used in sentences, numbers are almost always adjectives. You can tell that a number is an adjective when it answers the question “How many?”

He ate 230 idlis during the contest, and was sick afterwards.

Interrogative Adjectives

There are three interrogative adjectives: which, what, and whose. Like all other types of adjectives, interrogative adjectives modify nouns. As you probably know, all three of these words are used to ask questions.

Which option sounds best to you?

What time should we go?

Whose socks are those?

Indefinite Adjectives

Like the articles a and an, indefinite adjectives are used to discuss non-specific things. You might recognize them, since they’re formed from indefinite pronouns. The most common indefinite adjectives are any, many, no, several, and few.

  1. Do we have any peanut butter?

  2. Grandfather has been retired for many

  3. There are no bananas in the fruit bowl.

Attributive Adjectives

Attributive adjectives talk about specific traits, qualities, or features – in other words, they are used to discuss attributes. There are different kinds of attributive adjectives:

Observation adjectives such as real, perfect, best, interesting, beautiful or cheapest can indicate value or talk about subjective measures.

Size and shape adjectives talk about measurable, objective qualities including specific physical properties. Some examples include small, large, square, round, poor, wealthy, slow and

Age adjectives denote specific ages in numbers, as well as general ages. Examples are old, young, new, five-year-old, and

Color adjectives are exactly what they sound like – they’re adjectives that indicate color. Examples include pink, yellow, blue, and

Origin adjectives indicate the source of the noun, whether it’s a person, place, animal or thing. Examples include American, Canadian, Mexican, French.

Material adjectives denote what something is made of. Some examples include cotton, gold, wool, and

Qualifier adjectives are often regarded as part of a noun. They make nouns more specific; examples include log cabin, luxury car, and pillow cover.

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