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# Analytical reasoning - examples and practice questions with answers

Analytical reasoning, also known as logical reasoning or critical thinking, involves analyzing information, making inferences, and drawing conclusions based on evidence and logic. Here's an explanation with examples and 20 multiple-choice questions with answers:

Explanation:

Analyzing Information: Involves understanding the relationships between different elements of a problem or situation.

Making Inferences: Requires drawing logical conclusions based on the information provided.

Drawing Conclusions: Involves synthesizing the information and reasoning to arrive at a final decision or solution.

Examples:

Scenario: Five friends—Alice, Krishna, Charlie, David, and Eve—each have a different favorite color: red, blue, green, yellow, and purple. Based on the following clues, determine each person's favorite color:

Krishna's favorite color is green.

Alice's favorite color is not blue or red.

Charlie's favorite color is yellow.

David's favorite color is not purple.

Eve's favorite color is blue.

Scenario: A group of friends—Amy, Ben, Chris, and Dan—each have a different favorite food: pizza, pasta, burgers, and sushi. Based on the following clues, determine each person's favorite food:

Ben's favorite food is pasta.

Chris does not like pizza.

Dan's favorite food is sushi.

Amy's favorite food is not burgers.

Multiple Choice Questions:

Scenario: Five people—Latha, Beth, Carl, David, and Emma—are sitting in a row. Based on the following clues, determine the order in which they are sitting:

Latha is sitting next to Beth.

Carl is sitting at one end of the row.

David is sitting next to Emma.

Beth is sitting to the right of David.

A) Beth, David, Latha, Emma, Carl

B) Carl, Latha, Beth, David, Emma

C) Carl, Beth, Latha, David, Emma

D) Beth, Latha, Carl, David, Emma

Answer: C) Carl, Beth, Latha, David, Emma

Scenario: Four people—Alice, Krishna,Mridula, and Arun—are competing in a race. Based on the following clues, determine the order in which they finish:

Alice finishes before Krishna.

Mridula finishes after Arun.

Krishna finishes afterMridula.

A) Alice, Krishna,Mridula, Arun

B) Alice,Mridula, Arun, Krishna

C) Krishna,Mridula, Alice, Arun

D)Mridula, Krishna, Alice, Arun

Scenario: Four friends—Alex, Brian, Chris, and Dan—each have a different favorite sport: football, basketball, baseball, and soccer. Based on the following clues, determine each person's favorite sport:

Brian's favorite sport is not football or soccer.

Chris's favorite sport is baseball.

Dan's favorite sport is soccer.

A) Alex - basketball, Brian - baseball, Chris - football, Dan - soccer

B) Alex - basketball, Brian - soccer, Chris - baseball, Dan - football

C) Alex - basketball, Brian - baseball, Chris - soccer, Dan - football

D) Alex - basketball, Brian - football, Chris - baseball, Dan - soccer

Answer: C) Alex - basketball, Brian - baseball, Chris - soccer, Dan - football

Scenario: Four students—Amy, Ben, Chris, and Dan—are taking different subjects: Math, Science, English, and History. Based on the following clues, determine which subject each student is studying:

Amy is studying Math.

Ben is studying English.

Chris is not studying Science.

Dan is studying History.

A) Amy - Math, Ben - English, Chris - Science, Dan - History

B) Amy - Math, Ben - English, Chris - History, Dan - Science

C) Amy - Science, Ben - English, Chris - Math, Dan - History

D) Amy - Math, Ben - English, Chris - Science, Dan - History

Answer: D) Amy - Math, Ben - English, Chris - Science, Dan - History