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CSEET Current Affairs - Summits

G7 SUMMIT

  1. G7 Introduced in 1975 with worlds six leading Industrial nations~ UK, US, France, Germany, Japan, Italy and Canada joined 1976.

  2. It become G8 in 1998 when Russia joined group but suspended in 2014.

  3. Group regards as "a community of values' , with freedom and human rights, democracy and rule of laws, and prosperity and sustainable development as its key principle.

  4. 45th G7 summit was held on 24-26 August 2019, in Biarritz, France on theme combating inequality and main loans on climate and bio diversity.

  5. Objective:

  6. fighting inequality of opportunity, promoting in particular gender equality. access to education and high quality health services;

  7. reducing environmental inequality by protecting our planet through climate finance and a fair ecological transition. preserving bio-diversity and the oceans,

  8. strengthening the social dimension of globalization through more fair and equitable trade. tax and development policies.

  9. taking action for peace against security threats and terrorism which weaken the foundations of our societies: and

  10. tapping into the opportunities created by digital technology and artificial intelligence (AI).

G7 Summit was hosted by French President Emmanuel Macron and annual meet was attended by 7 state members.

This year, France had also invited non-member countries who are playing an important part in world parties. The invited guest nations included India. Australia. Spain, South Africa. Senegal and Rwanda. These countries were Invited as Biarritz partner country".

The US will take over the G7 Presidency from 1 January 2020.

India in G7 Summit

India has been invited to attend the G7 summit after a gap of almost 10 years.

The last time India was invited to the summit was in 2005, when me then British Prime Minister Tony Blair had invited the then Indian PM Manmohan Singh to attend the G7 summit in Gleneagles, Scotland. G-20 Summit

(G20) Is the premier international forum for global economic cooperation.

The participants are leaders from 19 countries and the European Union (EU).

The members of the G20 are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada. China, Franca, Germany, lndia, Indonesia. Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Republic of South Africa. Turkey, United Kingdom. United States of America, and the European Union (EU).

G20 Summit is formally known as the "Summit on Financial Markets and the world Economy". As the premier forum for international economic cooperation' (agreed by leaders at the Pittsburgh Summit in September 2009), representing more than 80% of the global GDP, the G20 has made continuous efforts toward achieving robust global economic growth.

As globalization progresses and various issues become more intricately intertwined, the recent G20 summits have focused not only on macro economy and trade. but also on a wide range of global issues which have an immense impact on the global economy, such as development. climate change and energy, health, counter- terrorism, as well as migration and refugees.

G20 has sought to realize an inclusive and sustainable world through its contributions towards resolving these global issues.

The host country of the G20 summit leads the group over the course of one year from December through the following November as the G20 presidency. The G20 presidency also organizes relevant ministerial and

working group meetings.

History of G20 Summit

After the Asian Financial Crisis in 19971998. it was acknowledged that the participation of major emerging market countries is needed on discussions on the international financial system, and G7 finance ministers agreed to establish the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meeting in 1999.

G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meetings were centered on major economic and monetary policy issues amongst major countries in the global financial system and aimed at promoting cooperation toward achieving stable and sustainable global economic growth for the benefit of all countries.

In November 2008, the inaugural G20 Summit was held in Washington, D.C. in response to the global financial crisis that occurred in the wake of the collapse of the Lehman Brothers.

G20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors was upgraded to the head of state level, as a forum for leaders from major developed and emerging market countries.

In September 2009, the third summit was held in Pittsburgh where the leaders designated the G20 as the premier forum for international economic cooperation. From thereon, the summit meetings were held semiannually until 2010 and annually from 2011 onwards.

G20 Summit 2019

• It was the first time for Japan to take on the G20 presidency.

The G20 Osaka Summit was held on June 28-29, as well as relevant ministerial meetings in eight cities in 2019. The summit adopted the "Osaka Declaration".

India At The G20 Summit

India will host the G20 summit in 2022 for the first time (2020- in Saudi Arabia, 2021 - in Italy),

India’s growth and development policies are very much aligned with the principles highlighted in the Osaka declaration.

India refused to sign the declaration on Osaka Track an overarching framework launched by Japans Prime Minister Shinzo Abe promoting cross border data flow at the recently conducted G20 Summit in Japan, India, Indonesia, Egypt and South Africa did not sign the declaration.

India to host No Money for Terror Conference 2020

The announcement made at No Money for Tenor conference in Melbourne, Australia. No Money for Tenor conference organized by Financial Intelligence Units (FlUs) of over 100countries jointly called ‘The

Egmont Group.’

The countries which participated in the meeting should also effectively enforce the standards mandated by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and UN listings.

The members are required to Initiate discussion on Counter Financing of Radicalisation (CFR), which would prevent radicalization an essential prerequisite of terrorism.

National Conference on e - Governance 2019

The Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG), In association with Ministry of Electronics & Information Terminology (Meity), Government of India and the State Government of Meghalaya organized the 22nd National Conference on e – Governance (NCeG)2019 on 89th August, 2019 at Shillong, Meghalaya.

The theme of this Conference was Digital India: Success to Excellences At the valedictory session d the two days conference. Shillong Declaration on e - Governance was adopted alter intensive deliberations during the sessions.

Over the two days. discussions were held on six sub-themes In Plenary sessions India Enterprise Architecture (INDEA), Digital Infrastructure, Inclusion and capacity building, Emerging Technology la Practitioners.

Secretariat Reforms, National e~Governance Service Delivery Assessment (NeSDA).

Four Breakout Sessions were held on sub-themes One Nation One Platform, Engaging with Innovators and Industry, End – to - End Digital Services: IT initiatives of State Governments. An Exhibition was also

organized during the event to showcase India’s achievements in the nerd of e-Governance

NCeG 2019 provided a platform for the delegates, inducing senior government officers from across the country, industry stalwarts and researchers. to share best practices, latest technology developments and leveraging them for achieving effective governance and public service delivery.

The focus of all the sessions was on learning with each other's experiences to ensure effective e - governance for wizen satisfaction and achieve Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi’s vision of Minimum

Government, Maximum Governance.

Key Highlights of Shillong Declaration

Improve the citizen's experience with Government services by promoting timely implementation of India Enterprise Architecture (IndEA).

Consolidate the plethora of successful Sate level e - Governance project swith a focus to replicate them as a common application software

Take steps to further improve connectivity in North Eastern States by addressing the issues of telecommunications connectivity at grassroot level

Take steps to enhance the activities of Electronics Sector skill Council in North Eastern States and explore the possibility tor opening an electronics skill center in Shillong.

Promote use of e - Office and move towards less paper State Secretariats in the North Eastern States and in the District level offices.

NuGen Mobility Summit 2019

Held at the lnternational Centre for Automotive Technology Centre, ICAT In Gurugram, Haryana from 27-29 November 2019.

Summit was addressed by the Ministerial Road Transport and Highways Shri Nitin Gadkari.

The 2019 NuGen Mobility Summit discussed the auto industry to think about future technologies as skilled manpower, cheap labour, and technology that are available in the auto sector.

National Youth Summit, 2019

National Youth Summit was held on September 7, 2019 in New Delhi organised by the Youth Awakening Mission, a youth wing of Paavan Chintan Dhara Charitable Trust, Ghaziabad.

The President of India. Shri Ram Nath Kovind, inaugurated the summit.

The summit aimed to work for the betterment and welfare of ourselves. society and country.

Eight hundred million youth of our country, with their creative power, can take India to new heights of progress and human civilization.

President said that we have to work tor the betterment and welfare of ourselves, society and country. The role of education is me most important in awakening the right vision and prudence to achieve this objective. He said that a self-reliant and nation-loving person can contribute to nation building by working in any field of life.

1" National Conference on Cybercrime Investigation and Forensics

The First National Conference on Cyber Crime Investigation and Cyber Forensics was held on 4-5 September 2019 at Central Bureau of Investigation Headquarters in New Delhi.

The objective was to create a platform and bring together investigators. forensic experts. academia and lawyers to dismiss challenges related to cybercrime and ways lo and solutions. Further to create capacity building and a pool of competent investigators. judicial officers, prosecutors and digital forensic analysts who are digitally aware and to

provide a platform for sharing good practices to team from experiences of various State police and Law Enforcement Agendas, mis conference was organised.

During the conference, various topics/themes of law enforcement interest, including, Mobile/Digital Forensics, Inter-LEA information/ intelligence exchange, obtaining digital evidence from abroad. Online harming including child sexual abuse, Social Media, establishing standard formats for data exchange between service providers and

LEAs, Intermediary liability. Admissibility of Electronic Evidence were discussed.

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