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Science or Commerce all details including career options, subjects, salary etc

Commerce vs Science! Which stream should they choose?

This is the most common query in the minds of 10th graders today. Maximum students remain confused regarding which stream to choose after 10th – Science or Commerce. Even if many agree that the career scope and growth opportunities are immense in both fields, certain factors must be consideredbefore taking the final decision.

To take a decision about the course of stream to be followed, one must understand the basic subjects taught in each stream.

Commerce vs Science

Commerce vs Science – Subject Knowledge needed

As the name suggests the subjects to be learned in each streams are different and can not be compared. If you know the subjects and feel that you have the aptitude for it, you can select your stream.


Commerce usually concerned with money and management. Raising of funds, making of profit and supporting the economy are the main functions of commerce. So generally we can say that it involves the study of money and management . It covers usually the following.

  • Accounts

  • Economics

  • Business Studies

  • Business Mathematics

  • Pure Mathematics

  • Business analysis

  • Ethics and management

  • Business compliances


Science encompasses the study of the world and its elements. It imparts knowledge from both theoretical and practical concepts. The core subjects in science are:

  • Physics

  • Chemistry

  • Biology

  • Mathematics

  • Computer Science

  • Artificial Intelligence

  • Cyber security

Benefits of Science and Commerce Streams

The science and commerce stream offers specific benefits to students. Specialisation in each stream can be different but each specialisation can help the student to take his career to greater heights. All will agree that a student can be successful only when they are able to focus on their areas of interst.Let us now look at the benefits of choosing commerce and science.

Benefits of Science:

Science is one of the eminent disciplines, as it focuses on the natural phenomenon of the functioning of things, their characteristics, etc. This stream involves studies based on experiments and observations. If you are genuinely curious about how things behave, science can be the appropriate option for you. Science offers the following benefits:

  • Science imparts more practical knowledge, making students highly efficient and increasing their employability.

  • Engineering, one of the most professing career options, can only be pursued if the student retains adequate scientific knowledge.

  • The rigorous changing climate can only be faced and reduced by professionals well-versed in Science and Technology.

  • Artificial intelligence and cyber security is another two areas where a technology strong candidate can look up on.

  • BlockChain and crypto currencies also an area on growth.

Benefits of Commerce:

Commerce is considered to be the most dynamic field of study. It offers wide range of career opportunities to students in various corporate sectors. If you are fond of numbers and driven towards business and economy, then choosing commerce can be a suitable option. Following are some of the benefits of choosing commerce:

  • Commerce develops management skills and business ethics, which help students to begin your start-ups.

  • Several certification programs are available as a career option for commerce students without mathematics.

  • Commerce provides excellent knowledge of the market and consumer, which helps students to work efficiently in the corporate world.

Courses after the 12th: Commerce vs Science

Numerous courses at the diploma and post-graduate levels. Both the commerce and science stream offers a wide career scope. The courses available after class 12th from the science and commerce stream are:

Commerce Courses:

  • Bachelor of Commerce (BCom)

  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)

  • Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS)

  • Bachelor of Hotel Management (BHM)

  • Chartered Accountant (CA)

  • Company Secretary (CS)

  • Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

  • Certified Management Accounting (CMA)

  • PGDM

  • Certified Financial Planner

Courses after Science:

  • MBBS

  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)

  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.)

  • Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA)

  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (B. Pharma)

  • B.Sc. Nursing

  • B.Sc. Electronics

  • BDS

  • Paramedical courses

Career Scope & Salary: Commerce vs Science

The science and commerce streams are the most sought-after areas of study among Indian students. While the science stream focuses on the technical and medical aspects, the commerce stream is more inclined towards the corporate world. Following are the prospecting career opportunities offering the highest-paying jobs in the science and commerce field study:

Highest-Paying Jobs after Science:

  • Medical Surgeon – INR 20 LPA

  • Data Scientist – INR 18 LPA

  • Full-Stack Developer – INR 15 LPA

  • Biotechnologist – INR 6 LPA

  • Blockchain Developer – INR 20 LPA

  • Software Engineer – INR 14 LPA

  • Data Administrator – INR 17 LPA

  • Machine Learning Engineer – INR 20 LPA

Highest-Paying Jobs after Commerce:

  • Chartered Accountant – INR 15 LPA

  • Chartered Financial Analyst – INR 12

  • Investment Banker – INR 12 LPA - depends

  • Company Secretary – INR 15 LPA

  • Actuary – INR 10 LPA

  • Product Manager – INR 15 LPA Depends

  • Marketing Manager – INR 12 LPA - Depends

  • Research Analyst – INR 8.5 LPA

  • Banker - INR 10 LPA

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