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"Mastering Syllogisms: Examples and 20 Multiple Choice Questions with Answers"

Syllogism is a form of logical reasoning that involves drawing conclusions from two given or assumed propositions (premises).





Premises: Syllogisms consist of two premises and a conclusion. Each premise is a statement that is assumed to be true.


Structure: Syllogisms follow a specific structure, with a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.


Validity: A syllogism is valid if the conclusion follows logically from the premises.




1. Major Premise: All humans are mortal.

Minor Premise: Socrates is a human.

Conclusion: Therefore, Socrates is mortal.


2. Major Premise: All mammals are animals.

Minor Premise: Dogs are mammals.

Conclusion: Therefore, dogs are animals.


Multiple Choice Questions:


1. Premises:


Major Premise: All birds have feathers.

Minor Premise: Eagles are birds.


A) Eagles have feathers.

B) Eagles do not have feathers.

C) Some birds do not have feathers.

D) All birds do not have feathers.

Answer: A) Eagles have feathers.




Major Premise: All cars have wheels.

Minor Premise: This vehicle has wheels.


A) This vehicle is a car.

B) This vehicle is not a car.

C) Some cars do not have wheels.

D) All cars do not have wheels.

Answer: A) This vehicle is a car.


3. Premises:


Major Premise: All students study.

Minor Premise: Mary is a student.


A) Mary studies.

B) Mary does not study.

C) Some students do not study.

D) All students do not study.

Answer: A) Mary studies.

4. Premises:


Major Premise: All politicians are persuasive.

Minor Premise: John is persuasive.


A) John is a politician.

B) John is not a politician.

C) Some politicians are not persuasive.

D) All politicians are not persuasive.

Answer: B) John is not a politician.




Major Premise: All fruits are healthy.

Minor Premise: Apples are fruits.


A) Apples are healthy.

B) Apples are not healthy.

C) Some fruits are not healthy.

D) All fruits are not healthy.

Answer: A) Apples are healthy.




Major Premise: All doctors are educated.

Minor Premise: Sarah is educated.


A) Sarah is a doctor.

B) Sarah is not a doctor.

C) Some doctors are not educated.

D) All doctors are not educated.

Answer: B) Sarah is not a doctor.




Major Premise: All stars are bright.

Minor Premise: The sun is a star.


A) The sun is bright.

B) The sun is not bright.

C) Some stars are not bright.

D) All stars are not bright.

Answer: A) The sun is bright.




Major Premise: All books are informative.

Minor Premise: This book is informative.


A) This book is interesting.

B) This book is not interesting.

C) Some books are not informative.

D) All books are not informative.

Answer: A) This book is interesting.




Major Premise: All fish swim.

Minor Premise: Goldfish are fish.


A) Goldfish swim.

B) Goldfish do not swim.

C) Some fish do not swim.

D) All fish do not swim.

Answer: A) Goldfish swim.




Major Premise: All dogs bark.

Minor Premise: Max is a dog.


A) Max barks.

B) Max does not bark.

C) Some dogs do not bark.

D) All dogs do not bark.

Answer: A) Max barks.

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